LLIN Distribution


Guides on Continuous Distribution of LLINs

Focus on:  School-Based Distribution of Long-Lasting Insecticidal Nets: A Short Guide Based on Recent Country Experience

This guide reviews recent experiences from Tanzania, Nigeria, Ghana and Senegal that have implemented school-based LLIN distribution. The guide includes lessons learned and key considerations for those considering implementing school-based LLIN distributions.

A series of guides are available on the country experience on why, when and how schools might be used as a distribution channel for LLINs. Included are lessons learned and key considerations for those considering implementing school-based LLIN distributions. The guides have been prepared by the RBM Vector Control Working Group’s Work Stream on Continuous Distribution.

Each guide is available in English and French. View all guides


Lessons in Brief – highlights from malaria endemic countries on continuous distribution of LLINs

Newly released! Working with Existing Systems: Community-based Distribution in Nigeria.

The Continuous LLIN Distribution Lessons in Brief is a series of case studies describing experiences with continuous or routine distribution of LLINs in several countries. The case studies highlight the elements that contributed to the success of each experience as well as important lessons learned. Countries: Ghana, Kenya, Malawi, Nigeria, Senegal, South Sudan, Tanzania. 

All case studies are available in the online Continuous Distribution Toolkit.


Online Toolkit on Continuous Distribution

This toolkit is a compilation of resources from recent experiences and research of LLIN continuous distribution systems. An array of potential mechanisms exist, including distributing nets through schools, community volunteers, health facilities, and are discussed in detail in the guides and resources in this toolkit. Link to the Online Toolkit


Documentaries on Continuous Distribution

Maintaining gains: Senegal’s strategy for continuous distribution of long lasting insecticidal nets (LLINs)

This 11-minute documentary depicts in detail the distribution of LLINs through health facilities and community-based organizations and describes distribution through schools. Included are interviews with implementers from the the Senegal Ministry of Health and Social Action and the National Malaria Control Program. 


A Focus on Ghana’s School-based Distribution of LLINs

This 6:47-minute documentary shows Ghana's school-based distribution of long lasting insecticidal nets. Interviews with implementers from the National Malaria Control Program, School Health Education Program and Ghana Health Service describe the national strategy for continuous distribution and, in detail, the school-based distribution of LLINs. 


Long Lasting Insecticidal Nets (LLIN) Distribution Activities

NetWorks strongly supports a mixed-methods approach to LLIN distribution. The exact configuration of LLIN distribution systems depends on local circumstances and the country context. Depending on the current level of household ownership of nets, a strong strategy may include a combination of mass distribution to scale up rapidly to universal coverage coupled with a continuous distribution system to sustain high coverage. In most cases, a mix of public sector distribution via health facilities for pregnant women and young children, combined with some form of civil society partnership for increased community-wide access is preferred for long-term sustained access.

NetWorks strengthens distribution networks for improved access, however remote the household. NetWorks helps identify clear roles for public and non-public sector partners such as the private sector and faith-based organizations (FBOs). NetWorks partners provide training where needed to break bottlenecks, strengthen supply chains and community reporting mechanisms for improved management monitoring, and identify subsidy opportunities for expanded private sector roles where appropriate.

NetWorks applies world-class competencies in logistics and supply chain management to ensure timely supply of nets, storage and subsequent delivery through robust channels to the community and household.

In Senegal, NetWorks has helped distribute over 4 million LLINs as part of the universal coverage strategy adopted in 2010.

NetWorks also collaborates closely with the Alliance for Malaria Prevention (AMP) to assist with trainings, identify best practices, and disseminate results. NetWorks provided financial assistance for the production of the second edition of the AMP toolkit. More information can be found on AMP's website: www.allianceformalariaprevention.com.




Stakeholder Review, Experiences in Long Lasting Insecticidal Net (LLIN) Urban Distribution Campaigns
NetWorks conducted a stakeholder review on the experiences in urban LLIN distribution campaigns in ten countries of sub-Saharan African including, Democratic Republic of Congo, Liberia, Madagascar, Mali, Nigeria, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Tanzania, Togo and Uganda. 

Stakeholder Review of Urban LLIN Distributions (English)

Executive Summary and Recommendations (French)


CRS Guide to In-Country Management and Distribution of LLINs for Title II Partners

Using Title II Food Aid program infrastructure to distribute long-lasting insecticidal nets (LLINs) in a campaign builds on the similarities between the efforts as well as the differences between mass LLIN distribution campaigns and Title II food programs. This guide aims to help organizations with USAID Title II food aid commodity management experience plan and carry out successful distributions of LLIN. It describes the experience of Catholic Relief Services (CRS) in Niger in 2009, when 2.5 million LLIN were provided to children under five in a massive campaign that lasted four days. Guide (PDF 5.9MB)